Types of Letter of Credit

There are two broad types of LC established in GTBank, which include:

  • Confirmed Letter of Credit (LC): 

A confirmed letter of credit is a letter of credit with a second guarantee obtained by a borrower in addition to the first letter of credit. A confirmed letter of credit is typically used when the issuing bank of the first letter of credit may have questionable creditworthiness and the seller seeks to get a second guarantee to assure payment. If the first letter of credit is not backed by a second guarantee then it may be considered unconfirmed. 

The LC can be established against:

- Cash

- Banks Import Finance Facility 

  • Unconfirmed Letter of Credit (ULC): 

A letter of credit which has not been guaranteed or confirmed by any bank other than the bank that opened it. The advising bank merely informs the beneficiary of the letter of credit terms and conditions. 

The LC can be established against:

- Cash  

- Bank Import Finance Facility

Other letters of credit that GTBank establishes are:

Back to Back Letter of Credit: 

Back-to-back letters of credit are actually made up of two distinct LCs, one issued by the buyer's bank to the intermediary and the other issued by the intermediary's bank to the seller. With the original LC from the buyer's bank in place, the broker goes to his own bank and has a second LC issued, with the seller as beneficiary. The seller is thus ensured of payment upon fulfilling the terms of the contract and presenting the appropriate documentation to the intermediary's bank. In some cases, the seller may not even know who the ultimate buyer of the goods is.

 
• Transferable Letter of Credit:

A transferable letter of credit is a letter of credit that permits the initial beneficiary of the credit to make some or all of the credit transferable to another party, thereby creating a secondary beneficiary. The party that initially accepts the transferable letter of credit from the bank is referred to as the first beneficiary.

Inoperative Letter of Credit:

A letter of credit is an undertaking to pay against conforming documents, however with an inoperative credit this  undertaking is contingent upon the letter of credit becoming operative.

Requirements to Establish a Letter of Credit

  • Accepted Form M
  • Letter of Credit application form
  • Customers Instruction Letter